* Information concerning affiliation/post/profile of the laureate and guests is current at the time he/she received the prize.
Award Ceremony Highlights: Honda Prize 2019
Dr. Geoffrey E. Hinton / Ms. Emma Hinton, Daughter / Mr. Hiroto Ishida, President of Honda Foundation / Mr. Kunio Nakajima, Vice President of Honda Foundation
This year’s laureate is Dr. Geoffrey E. Hinton, Professor Emeritus, the University of Toronto and Chief Scientific Advisor, Vector Institute, for his pioneering research in the field of deep learning in artificial intelligence and his contribution to practical application of the technology.
Movie of The Laureate
Commemorative Speech by the laureate:
Today, I would like to mainly explain how deep learning actually works.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is any mechanical or artificial means of performing intellectual or cognitive acts that previously could only be done by humans. There are in fact two categories of artificial intelligence. The original concept of AI was symbolic AI, in which information such as formulas and rules are input to perform logical judgments. The second type of AI, connectionist AI, takes a biological approach, borrowing concepts from the brains of living creatures. This approach studies deep learning using neural networks.
Deep learning is defined as machine learning using neural networks. A learning procedure breaks down information, then analyzes and confirms characteristics to identify what is represented there, in order to recognize objects, etc. When the neural network makes a mistake, it reflects the error in revisions to its identification criteria and continues learning.
As long as the system has sufficient data, it can continue steadily improving its accuracy.
It learns by understanding concepts of things, like humans do. Deep learning learns each concept from scratch, so all humans have to do is give it the name of the thing they want it to learn. It is “the beginning of machines having independent intelligence.”
Eventually, computers became fast enough and datasets became large enough to make big neural networks practical. With a few technical improvements, deep neural networks implemented by my graduate students at the University of Toronto then conquered speech recognition and image classification in a period of just a few years and the deep learning revolution was underway.
Congratulatory Addresses by Guests of Honor
- Mr. Tracy ReynoldsMinister (Commercial), Embassy of Canada
- Dr. Shunichi AmariProfessor Emeritus, The University of Tokyo/Honorary Science Advisor, RIKEN Center for Brain Science
- Mr. Toshiaki MikoshibaChairman and Director, Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
- Dr. Naonori UedaDeputy Director, RIKEN Center for Advanced Intelligence Project